Vitiligo: mysterious, strange spots on the body

A primer lack of pigments is a more and more common skin disease across the world. We talk about vitiligo if the cells that produce melanin die or become unable to create melanin. When this happens, constantly growing, irregularly shaped white spots with sharp edges appear on the skin. They can appear anywhere on the body, but most commonly they do on areas exposed to light, such as the face, hands, feet, elbows and knees. The mutation affects men and women equally.

It usually starts on a small area, then the discoloured area expands more and more. Currently, there is no straightforward explanation, nor an enduring solution, and it can appear on anybody. The treatment is currently focused on slowing down the process and hiding the spots. There is no need for treatment in every case.  Often, the use of a light screen cream, a coloured corrector, foundation and avoiding the sun is sufficient.  If the spots are more widespread, or you experience worsening, it is recommended to visit a dermatologist.

The symptoms of vitiligo spread in spasms. Then, in the majority of cases, they stop after a few years, or the skin becomes entirely discoloured. This is not a medical problem, but a cosmetic, social and psychological one. The symptoms of the disease do not cause pain or other complaints, but they can be really annoying aesthetically, and can cause serious psychological stress, therefore, it is important to try treatment.

 If someone suspects that they have vitiligo based on their symptoms, it is recommended to visit a dermatologist as soon as possible. The whitish discolouration of the skin might also indicate other skin diseases. After its inflamed state, psoriasis or eczema can develop. It can also be caused by infections or certain chemicals (hydroquinone, hydroxychloroquine, or arsenic).

For most patients, the loss of pigmentation of their skin causes a serious emotional stress, especially in those cases in which the whitened spots are on visible areas (face, hands, or arms), and because of this, a psychologist is routinely involved in the therapy.

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Make an appointment with:
Nóra Sárdy MD
Nóra Sárdy MD
Fruzsina Anna Kovacs MD
Fruzsina Anna Kovacs MD
László Képíró MD
László Képíró MD
Iringó Ágnes Ottó MD
Iringó Ágnes Ottó MD
Réka Szandányi MD
Réka Szandányi MD