What is menstruation?
In short: it is vaginal bleeding caused by a cyclic detachment of the mucous membrane of the womb. In Hungary, the first menstruation is around 12,6 years of age on average. In the beginning, it is most often irregular, but as time goes by, it becomes more systematic. The menstruation cycle can indicate the hormonal processes being all right or in disorder.
If the cycles stay irregular even one and a half years after the first menstruation, it might indicate hormonal disorders in the background. Because of the disorder in hormonal regulation, the maturation of the ovum is usually not complete in the ovary. This might cause many uncomfortable symptoms, such as excessive bleeding, strain of the breasts, vaginal discharge, ovary cysts, and alvine pain. In the case of irregular cycles, an undesired pregnancy is often not noticed on time.
In the case of women of fertile age, the most natural reason of missing menstruation is pregnancy. With the use of tests easily accessible in pharmacies or shops, anyone can check whether they are pregnant or not. Contraception in any form does not provide 100% protection, therefore the use of contraceptives does not exclude the chance of pregnancy.
If pregnancy is confirmed, visit our gynecologist specialists!
If pregnancy is excluded, there might be hormonal problems in the background. During puberty, only after 6 months of missing monthly cycle is considered abnormal, later on this is reduced to 3 months without bleeding. Only then are the reasons examined.
In the background of frequent bleeding, there might be a shorter than normal menstrual cycle (more frequent than 22-23 days), or an independent bleeding between them. This can either be harmless, or it might indicate a problem which requires treatment, therefore it is advised to visit a specialist with such symptoms, too.