Kidney stone

In the forming of kidney stones, lifestyle and hereditary factors both have a role. A lack in fluid consumption, a sedentary lifestyle, and certain metabolic disorders can all contribute to the materials excreted by the kidney to stick together and form into a stone. 

Often, the disease is only discovered accidentally, during an ultrasound or X-ray examination. However, if the stone drifts out of the tunnel system of the kidney, and starts downwards through the ureter, towards the urinary bladder, it causes a kidney stone seizure. Generally, this is such a strong, convulsive pain, that the patient requires medical care. The convulsion is caused by the stone which got into the ureter, and has difficulties in getting down towards the urinary bladder. If it gets stuck, it can lead to urinary retention in the kidney, which damages it in the long term.

The location of the pain also depends on where the stone currently is. If it gets through the urinary bladder, and gets stuck in the urethra, it is accompanied by a strong urge to urinate, and by pain radiating into the rectum.

Kidney stones can differ from each other based on their composition:
  • Three quearters of all cases are calcium oxalate stones. In the formation of these, the hyperwork of the parathyroid can be a factor, which is accompanied by an increase of the Ca-level, and taking certain medicines can also have a role (e.g. diuretics, steroids, antacids).
  • The second most common stone type (15%) is struvit (magnesium ammonium phosphate), which is more common in women, and can be related to urinary tract infections.
  • Rarer types of stone are uric acid stone and cystine stone, which usually accompany metabolic diseases.

In terms of its form, the so called coral stone is extraordinary, which takes up its branching shape filling out the whole tunnel system of the kidney, and grows to such a size practically without any symptoms, unnoticed.

Keeping up with lifestyle and dietary recommendations has a huge role in the treatment of kidney stone. As a method of therapy, ultrasound is also used for grinding kidney stones, but this cannot be used in every case. It depends on the location and size of the kidney stone. 

Book an appointment now with one of our urologist specialists!
Make an appointment with:
Tibor Lőwy MD
Tibor Lőwy MD
Viktor Varju MD
Viktor Varju MD
Ferenc Szabó MD
Ferenc Szabó MD
Attila Keszthelyi MD
Attila Keszthelyi MD