Infections by human papillomavirus
Therefore our medical team in Körúti Medical Centre managing the HPV-infection and the treatment of HPV-infected patients consists of specialists in many areas, dermatologist-venereologist, gynecologist-oncologist, urologist, ear-nose-throat specialist and a rectal surgeon.
The low cancer risk types of human papilloma viruses cause warts or so called condylomas on the surrounding of the genitals and the anus. Warts have a tendency to reoccur so apart from their removal with various methods it is important to increase the activity of immune system and examine the sexual partners.
The high cancer risk types of HPV may cause not only cervical cancer but also certain types of malignant tumors of the vagina, the vulva, the penis and the rectum and according to the results of resent studies HPV appears to play an etiologic role in many cancers of the oral cavity, too.
A sample taken from a mucous membrane is suitable for the detection of an HPV infection and to determine the type of HPV present and therefore specialists can make an exact diagnosis upon the complaints, the symptoms and the laboratory results. The following application of up-to-date HPV-treatment methods and the regular check-ups may prevent the development of a more severe disease.
The danger of HPV
Recently there are more than 100 types of HPV known worldwide and most of them can be detected around the genitals. Some of these types mean a greater risk than we would think of and it is even worse since HPV’s incubation period can last up to several years and the virus remains undetected during this period.
The second most common malignant tumor threatening women is cervical cancer and the HPV-infection has been found to be in connection with cervical cancer in more than 90% of cases.
The malignant tumors in connection with an HPV-infection are threatening not only women. More than 6% of all existing malignant tumors can be connected to an HPV-infection statistically.
Thing of interest
The development of HPV is not a recent phenomenon; it dates back to several thousand years. The studies among South American Indians have shown it. These ethnic groups have been living isolated from other people for more than 12000 years and nevertheless certain types of HPV are presented among them.
Detection of HPV
HPV infection has no visible signs in some of the cases so regular cytology is recommended to detect the infection.
Considering the fact that HPV-infection has a very high risk of developing malignant tumors it is worth having a regular check-up performed by way of a precaution.