Cervical lesion is a widespread term used for all kinds of mutations of the cervix. These have many types. The most well-known ones are cervical lesion, cervical rupture, and cervical cancer.
Cervical lesion develops because the epithelium covering the cervical canal spreads to the surface of the cervix. This is a much more vulnerable environment, which is also more susceptible to bacteria rather than the epithelium that ordinarily covers the cervix. Treatment is strongly advised.
Cervical rupture can develop during giving birth and also when undergoing abortion. This chronic state is not dangerous on its own, but can be a source of problems, in which case it requires treatment.
How do we examine cervical lesion?
- Colposcopy is a routine method of examination of the cervix. During this examination, the epithelium that covers the outer surface of the cervix is examined with the use of a special microscope.
- A more careful examination of cervical surface is cytology. Using a swab designed for this purpose, a small amount of epithelium cells are scratched off the surface, and sent to the laboratory for further examination.
- If the condyloma is on the surface of the cervix (some types of HPV might lead to the development of benign warts), the treatment is the same as that of a cervical lesion.
The form of treatments include cryotherapy, vaporization with laser, excision, loop excision.